28 weeks pregnant

28 weeks pregnant

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The pregnancy week by week reaches the week 28 of gestation. This week highlights the importance of blood compatibility between mother and child. When the mother is Rh negative, it is necessary to be vaccinated with a gamma globulin that prevents you from creating blood antibodies that could harm your developing baby.

The movement of the baby within you will be more evident when you are quiet sitting or in bed about to fall asleep. Babies seem to take advantage of the mother's active periods to sleep and quiet moments to move. Take advantage of these moments of relaxation to talk and put music on, as there are studies that show that fetuses are able to identify their mother's voice and the music they have heard during their development in the womb.

Nighttime insomnia can start to appear in the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy due to fetal movements and the need to go to the bathroom regularly at night. Try to sleep on your side, preferably on the left side and when you wake up avoid starting to think because keeping your mind busy will keep you awake. To fall asleep remember the helpful glass of hot milk and infusions of linden or lemon balm.

As the pregnancy progresses, the growth of the uterus tends to displace the stomach and intestine, favoring the passage of gastric juices from the stomach to the esophagus. This is how burning and acidity appear, manifesting itself with an unpleasant burning sensation in the esophagus.

To relieve heartburn and acidity, eat 5 small meals a day, so that digestions are light, take the necessary time, sit down and chew your food well, avoid taking fats, spices and spices, cook boiled, steamed or roasts. And if the discomfort persists, consult your doctor, since there are some antacid drugs that can be taken during pregnancy.

At the 28th week of pregnancy, your child's weight is approximately 1,100 or 1,200 grams and the total length is about 35-37 cm. Your central nervous system continues to develop and the weight of your brain also increases. Sleep and activity patterns are established, which indicate the development of your brain activity. Acquire control of body temperature and mature thermoregulation system. With regard to the sense organs, the eye is already fully developed and in the ear, the tympanic membrane increases in size.

Surfactant production increases in the respiratory system. Gaseous exchange is already possible. If the baby is a boy, the testicles descend into the scrotum through the inguinal canal, and this is closed. It begins to have fat under the skin, which gives it a round and plump appearance.

Until now, the production of red blood cells was carried out by the spleen. Starting at week 28, this function is assumed by the bone marrow. At the level of the digestive system, the stomach and intestine progressively develop more activities. The baby may hiccup.

The kidney, bronchopulmonary secretions, skin and digestive secretions of the baby contribute to the formation of amniotic fluid that isolates the baby from the outside and protects him from possible blows, provides a constant temperature and serves as a vehicle for movements, essential for development of the musculature. An adequate volume of amniotic fluid is essential for correct fetal development and growth.

In week 28 of pregnancy, you should be vaccinated with anti-D gamma globulin if you are Rh negative. This vaccine prevents the creation of antibodies in the maternal blood.

In addition, if you are Rh negative, they will need to determine your child's Rh after delivery using a sample of blood from the umbilical cord. If your baby is Rh-positive, you should get a gamma globulin anti-D vaccine again within the first 48 hours of delivery to prevent isoimmunizations in subsequent pregnancies.

This same vaccine should be given to all Rh negative mothers after performing invasive diagnostic tests such as chorionic biopsy, amniocentesis, funiculocentesis or fetoscopies. Also after a curettage for an abortion. The injection is intramuscular.

The growth of your baby inside you demands a lot of energy that you must supply through the placenta. For this reason, carbohydrates should be the basis of your diet, as they provide immediate energy. They are found in pasta, rice, whole grains, legumes, potatoes, and fruits. However, your diet should be varied and include all three groups of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Likewise, it must provide the necessary minerals and vitamins.

And also, do not forget to include yogurt in your diet, since it is a great source of calcium and is usually better tolerated than milk thanks to fermentation. In yogurt, the bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus remain alive and thus, yogurt protects and regulates the intestinal flora. The transformation of lactose (milk sugar) into lactic acid gives yogurt its characteristic texture and flavor.

You will be about to start with your partner on Maternal Education course, which was previously also known as the Childbirth Preparation course. The objectives are to offer adequate information on the changes inherent to pregnancy, the development of childbirth and the characteristics of the puerperium, resolve doubts and mitigate the fear of facing motherhood / fatherhood, promote the acquisition of healthy lifestyle habits, inform the general care of the newborn (breastfeeding, cleaning, sleep ...).

Participation as a couple in these courses is beneficial because it makes the pregnant woman feel supported, and the couple's relationship is strengthened and the involvement of both in the process helps them build their new identity as a father or mother. In addition, they acquire knowledge about the changes inherent to pregnancy, the phases of childbirth or the care of the newborn can give them security and confidence, and they can share their fears and concerns with other parents.

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