Diabetes is a silent disease that has special characteristics in women, since it can affect their health and that of their future children.
Specifically, when diabetes appears in pregnancy, this increase in blood glucose known as gestational diabetes has a high risk for the fetus, as it can cause macrosomies.
On the other hand, it has been proven that excessive weight gain after pregnancy can be an added risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes in women. In the climacteric, the metabolic changes that are associated with menopause also increase the risk of developing this type of diabetes.
Women's heart health is also compromised when diabetes is present in their body. The most common complication of diabetes is the risk of heart disease, and according to statistics this risk is higher in women than in men.
In light of these data, it is important to react by taking preventive measures in women, increasing these preventive practices during pregnancy and menopause. And it is that the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) reminds that type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but type 2 diabetes can be avoided in many cases by maintaining a healthy weight and doing regular physical activity. The recommendation for all women is to set a daily exercise goal of at least 30 minutes, such as brisk walking, swimming, cycling, or dancing. Walking regularly for at least 30 minutes per day, for example, has been shown to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by 35-40 percent.
However, all women with a family history of diabetes or who suffer from other risk factors such as a waist circumference greater than normal or a history of cardiovascular risk should have their blood glucose levels monitored by a health professional to detect their fasting glucose index and the presence or absence of glucose intolerance.
Marisol New. Editor of our site
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