Food allergies in children

Food allergies in children

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About 5 percent of children under 3 years of age are allergic to one or more foods. Any dietary protein can cause an allergic reaction. Food allergies occur when theimmune system, which helps protect us from infection by identifying and attacking the viruses and bacteria that cause disease, responds by mistake to a dietary protein, causing inflammation and damage.

In the case of food allergies, the most frequent symptoms are gastrointestinal: pain, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea ... similar to those that occur in the case of intolerances, but also appear skin irritations, breathing difficulties and even anaphylactic shock.

The foods that cause more cases of allergies in Europe are, in children, milk, eggs and in adults fruits (specifically melon and peaches) and fish and shellfish. In the United States, allergies to peanuts prevail and in South America to fruits such as pineapple.

Regarding the positive figures, allergies to milk (in 80 percent of cases) are overcome, somewhat less to eggs (55 percent) and more rarely to fish and fruits (15 percent).

The child must have a skin test to diagnose food allergy. If the result is positive, the allergist can then perform another oral test to have a definitive diagnosis.

In oral tests, sometimes the food on which the possible allergy is being studied is mixed with other substances.

A diet is also usually followed in which the food or foods are eliminated from the child's daily menu. After they are introduced one by one to see which one produces a reaction.

The only proven treatment for food allergy is to avoid the food that causes the intolerance or reaction. Other treatments, including allergy shots, have not been shown to this day to help with food allergies.

Children with intolerance or allergies to certain foods usually pass medical check-ups throughout childhood to check if it has disappeared, since sometimes the child's body stops producing a rejection of the product itself.

You can read more articles similar to Food allergies in children, in the category of Allergies on site.

Video: Children with Food Allergies (May 2022).