One of the most frequent reasons for consultation in the emergency room and pediatric consultations is nasal congestion, respiratory distress due to obstruction of the upper respiratory tract of babies. The upper respiratory tract, nasal passages, choanas, in young children are very narrow, and any inflammation or Mucus produces a very annoying blockage.
A nasal congestion can even reduce the baby's milk intake when having difficulty breathing, as also happens to adults. In these cases, they should not be forced to eat, but they should offer you liquids, shakes, juices, milk, according to age.
Here are some tips to relieve a baby's nasal congestion and eliminate mucus:
- It is advisable to avoid environmental dryness, so cold air ultrasonic humidifiers are recommended.
- Pediatricians also always recommend nasal washes with physiological saline. There is also hypertonic physiological saline, with a higher concentration of salts, which theoretically would drag more runny nose, but it could also irritate the mucosa a bit. It exists in single-dose, more comfortable.
- Cough syrups have not been scientifically proven to be very useful, and in many cases they have undesirable side effects, which means that pediatricians do not recommend them much.
- In contrast, a drug that does seem more useful are antihistamines, because they decrease the production of mucus, and in many cases can improve symptoms.
- In infants, a cold can be complicated by acute otitis media, (these are the most frequent complications), since mucus accumulates and passes into the ear, in these cases, the baby would need an antibiotic that, the pediatrician should always prescribe.
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