First aid

Feverish convulsions. First aid to children


The Feverish convulsions they are one of the most frequent causes of emergencies. They affect infants and children between six months and six years in a percentage of 2 to 5 percent, although the highest incidence occurs between one and two years.

Generally, they are the consequence of a rapid rise in body temperature (fever), although they can also be due to processes of sustained high fever. It is a common process, which should not be associated as a rule with serious diseases.

Febrile seizures are seizures that affect the whole body. They are usually contraction-relaxation, but we can also find them in a flaccid or just rigid body. They are characterized by loss of consciousness and are usually accompanied by gaze deviation, set to one side.

The seizures usually last between 1 and 10 minutes, and they do not usually exceed 15 minutes, although they are usually repeated. Later, you will notice that the baby or child becomes drowsy for a while.

- Stay calm and make sure their airways are open. The child is likely to have abundant mucus and, along with the continued contraction of the muscles, will have difficulty breathing.

- Prevents the child from hitting and injuring himself.

- Once the crisis subsides, try to lower the fever. Take off his clothes and refresh the atmosphere.

- Place the child lying on his side, after the crisis.

- You should always be examined by a pediatrician.

- Control your appearance, the appearance of your skin and your breathing at all times.

- Bathe the child in cold water, as it can worsen his situation.

- Hold it tightly to prevent it from moving

- Transfer it during the crisis. During the seizure, it is advisable for the child to settle on a safe surface.

In addition, it must:

- Keep calm and calm.

- Put a cushion or pillow under the child if the surface is hard.

- Avoid moving the child, unless it is in a dangerous place.

- Remove objects that may pose a risk of injury to the child.

- Loosen any clothing that is tightening the child, especially around his neck.

- If the child has an object in his mouth, try to remove it very carefully.

- If the child vomits or has a lot of salivation in the mouth, it should be placed on its side or face down, to avoid choking.

- It is also important to observe if the tongue is impeding breathing.

- Do not try to put anything in the child's mouth to prevent him from biting his tongue.

- Do not try to restrain or stop the movements of the child's body during the seizure.

- If the seizure lasts more than 15 minutes, call the emergency service.

The pediatrician should be the one to identify and diagnose the cause and origin of fever and seizures. It will assess whether the child should take appropriate medication and will take appropriate measures to control the seizure process. In infants and young children, it is important to rule out other causes such as meningitis.

In this case, the doctor may order some study tests. The good news is that the child is developing normally, that the seizure has not lasted more than 15 minutes and has not had another seizure within the last 24 hours, and that the child's neurological examination by the doctor was normal.

Source consulted:
- Nlm.nih.gov
- Salud.com
- Red Cross

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Video: Febrile Convulsions (December 2021).