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8 keys for teachers who want to teach children to think


I throw a question: do we get the teachers teach children to think when are they in the classroom?

Society is changing, so our students also evolve and it is in the hands of the teacher to teach how to think in this 21st century. More and more schools are abandoning traditional teaching methods, and it is that the students there were in the 80s have little to do with the new so-called “generation Z” or digital natives. These new students that we meet in classrooms today are open-minded, they are multitasking children and young people, innovative, but at the same time they live in the culture of immediacy, of the "here and now". And whether we like it or not, we agree or not, these are the students that we have in our classrooms.

It is the teacher's task to renew and update themselves, to know how they think, what they like and where their minds are going. Let us think, teachers, that many of our students will go into professions that may not yet exist. Of course, in my student days, the profession of youtubers or drone operator or community manager did not exist.

Encouraging thinking and more specifically critical thinking, is a primary task in our schools. More and more authors in pedagogy and neuropsychology promote the culture of thought from an early age. Here are 8 factors that make it possible to work on thinking in the classroom:

1. Time
Give them the opportunity to have time to think, that the class does not only consist of transmitting knowledge. So they can process them. Stops for a reflection, stops to elaborate your doubts and express them in the moment.

2. Opportunities
That the students get involved in the classroom activities and in the different tasks proposed, where they can put what they have learned into practice. This way they will be able to work on the different thought processes that they need to put into practice for the different tasks.

3. Routines
It is a way of organizing, structuring the different learning processes in the classroom. In this way we promote the autonomy of the students and this will also provide them with safety in their classroom.

4. Language
Allow them to speak and share. By using language about what is being learned, we will lead to metacognition, that is, thinking about what we are thinking, thinking about what we are creating.

5. Model creation
It will be given in the exchange of ideas between the students. In this way, they will see other models of thought, organization of ideas, etc. and with this sharing, they will enrich each other.

6. Interrelations
It is necessary to create a flexible and comfortable environment so that children can relate and interact. They will be able to say what they think without being judged. Respect must prevail when thoughts are shared.

7. Physical environment
It is recommended to vary it, placing learning in different environments, thus we stimulate thought and motivate them to do so. Why not in the open air, in the laboratory or in a museum?

8. Expectations
It is important that students always know the learning objectives, so that the teacher will regulate those expectations and help them to focus on the required task.

Thus, so that the student learns to think It will be based on the teaching of thinking routines, which will allow meaningful learning, deep understanding of the content and the development of skills.

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