Cancer

How to prevent the spread of the Human Papillomavirus


On March 4, the International Day of the Human papilloma virus, with the aim of making the population aware of the importance of its prevention. Although it may surprise us, it is estimated that 80% of women have been in contact with this sexually transmitted virus at some point.

Avoiding exposing ourselves to the virus is essential, as there is still no cure for this infection. We tell you how to prevent contagion by Human papilloma virus.

Infection by this virus is the main cause of the development of cancer in the cervix, one of the most common among the female population according to the World Health Organization. We tell you what are the guidelines you must follow to prevent this infection.

1- Balanced diet
It is proven that a diet rich in fiber and vitamins helps your defenses against possible attacks from viruses and diseases.

2- Avoid tobacco
Studies show that tobacco damages epithelial cells, so those in the cervical area are more sensitive to a possible HPV infection.

3- Use of condom
Transmission is through sexual intercourse, so it is better to use barrier contraceptive methods. It is considered that the condom can protect up to 70% from HPV infection.

4- Vaccination
Since 2008, the HPV vaccine has been implanted in Spain for girls between the ages of 9 and 14, for the viruses that cause genital warts, as well as cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina and anus . The who defends that the benefits of this vaccine are demonstrated in adulthood and that the smaller the girl is, the more effective it will be. And here we give you a fact: vaccinating at 18 years of age means losing 20% ​​of preventive capacity compared to vaccinating at 12 years.

5- Periodic reviews
Cytologies are the only way to observe if a woman has been infected with HPV and what measures are necessary for its treatment, and in principle this virus does not present any type of symptoms.

6- Pharmacological means
Currently there are only a few drugs, which help protect the cervix and restore vaginal flora, creating a defensive barrier against the development of the virus.

With these preventive measures we will achieve greater awareness and prevention by winning the battle against the virus. And, although we are always talking about women, it is very important that male children also get vaccinated because although the infection resolves in 5 or 6 months and is rarely associated with injuries, it is essential that they are protected.

And what happens if you get pregnant and have the virus? Does this circumstance represent a danger to the mother and the future baby?

In principle, there is no reason why the woman has to worry, because there should be no type of complication. Some gynecologists even recommend natural childbirth for the woman and affirm that the chances of contagion are minimal, even if the woman has genital warts, and that in the event that the baby were infected, the organism of this would probably eradicate the virus.

The Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics points out that "it is not indicated to change the woman's type of delivery as a result of human papilloma. In any case, the decision on the type of delivery (natural or by cesarean section) remains, ultimately, in the hands of each mother and each family, along with the doctor who assists her throughout this process. "

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Video: HPV and Cancer An Introduction (October 2021).